Social Inclusion of Kids with Down syndrome in Schools


Kid with Down syndrome

Kids with Down syndrome are now in the classrooms and they need special education. Part of offering them special education requires designing an inclusive classroom model – a model that inculcates their skills and deficiencies into the school curriculum with positive expectations.

Creating Social Inclusive Model

Social inclusion in school refers to social awareness and recognition of every kid as full member of the school community. Down syndrome kids must be involved in all facets and routines of the classroom and the school in general. Achieving that feat requires creating of social inclusive model.

It’s a tempting to exclude or include kids with Down syndrome in all activities without stigmatization because of unusually impulsive and hyperactive in behaviour. This might happen especially in a school where the teachers are inexperienced in instruction of children with Down syndrome. For this reason, schools can train their teachers in management of Down syndrome in children.

The social inclusive model strategically supports all children to partake in the school environment in a much more natural environment for all children to strive without any form of stigmatization. Effective social inclusion provides opportunities for peer-to-peer communication and collaboration in building strong interrelationship for better results.

Setting the tone of respect for other students

The manner teachers handle Down syndrome children will determine how the other typical children will relate with them.

A teacher should not address children with disabilities wrongly so that the students will not too. No one should use the child’s name before the disability, say ‘Down syndrome’s kids’ or ‘Down syndrome child’ rather children with down syndrome, like Tara with Down syndrome.

Teachers should never talk them down for being disruptive or impulsive. These are part of the behavioural disorders they exhibit.

Bolstering Self-Respect in Down syndrome children

The teacher needs to build confidence and instill self-esteem in the worth and ability of children with Down syndrome. Children with Down syndrome often have poor self –esteem.

Educators should inculcate in them positive perception about themselves advising them avoid criticizing and judging others rather giving their bests to achieve set goals.

Orientation of typical students

Orientating the other kids in the class or school about Down syndrome and how they can best support their classmates will go a long way to eliminate social discrimination.

The topic of Down syndrome shouldn’t be avoided – it’s not a negative thing to discuss. The students should be allowed to ask questions and understand why some children are born with it and how they might be helpful to those who have the disability.

Adoption of Behavioural Management Strategies

Behavioural Management is a vital strategy which can be used as a measure to classroom control. One of the widely used behavioural management tools is reinforcement.

Reinforcers are stimuli that increase the chance of occurrence of a specific behaviour or response. They can be negative or positive. Positive reinforcement is used in the classroom to promote appropriate behaviours which is preferred to punitively-characterized negative reinforcers.


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